COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF ORGANOCHLORINE AND ORGANOPHOSPHORUS PESTICIDES IN HONEY AND BEE PRODUCTS

G. A.Skrypka, V.V.Kasyanchuk

vkasianchuk@yandex.ua

Sumy national agrarian university, Gerasim Kondratyev Str., 160, Sumy, 32500, Ukraine

The aim of the study was to conduct a comparative analysis of the contents of organochlorine and organophosphorus pesticides to honey and bee products, depending on the botanical origin and period of collection.The content of pesticide residues was determined by gas chromatography on the instrument Agilent 7890 A GS System with μESD and NPD. The material for the study were samples of honey and other bee products, selected on the apiaries in the Odessa area.

It was established that the content of organochlorine pesticides such as dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane and hexachlorocyclohexane in bee products depended on their botanical origin and period of data collection, and did not exceed the maximum allowable concentration (0.005 mg/kg). Residues of organophosphorus and other organochlorine pesticides were not found. The most contaminated bee products to organochlorine pesticides is ambrosia and bee pollen, the content of which ranged from <0.001 to 0.0041 mg/kg for hexachlorocyclohexane, from <0.001 to 0.0045 mg/kg for dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane in bee pollen, and from 0.0028 to 0.0045 mg/kg for hexachlorocyclohexane, from 0.002 to 0.0046 mg/kg for dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane in ambrosia. The least polluted is royal jelly, it has hexachlorocyclohexane content ranged from <0.001 to 0.0018 mg/kg, dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane content from <0.001 to 0.0016 mg/kg. Contents of organochlorine pesticides in honey ranged from <0.001 to 0.0031 mg/kg for hexachlorocyclohexane, from <0.001 to 0.0028 mg/kg for dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane, the most free from pollutants studied were acacia honey and linden honey, was the most contaminated sunflower honey, explained by different physiological ability of plants to accumulate organochlorine pesticides.

Keywords: HONEY, BEE PRODUCTS, ORGANOCHLORINE AND ORGANOPHOSPHORUS PESTICIDES, METHODS OF ANALYSIS, GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY, POLLUTION MONITORING

    

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