Bìol. Tvarin, 2019, volume 21, issue 2, pp. 70–72

THE EFFECT OF THE QUANTITY AND QUALITY OF MILK REPLACER INTAKE ON STARTER FEED INTAKE IN HOLSTEIN CALVES

Sz. Tóth

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Kaposvár University, Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences,
Guba Sándor út., 40, Kaposvár, H-7400, Hungary

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of increasing amounts and quality of liquid feed of calves on starter feed intake in real farm situations.

Three calf rearing system were compared. We offered different type and amount of solids content of liquid feed by using whole milk and two different milk replacer (MR). The dry matter intake in group A, B and C were accordingly 898; 1033; 1050 g/calf/day. In group A whole milk and MR1 were used, instead of group B and C where MR1 or MR2 were used exclusively. The MRs differed in CP level (21 % vs. 27 %), in proportion of palm/coconut oil (80/20; 60/40) and in technology of production (spray drying vs. spray cooling).

The statistical analyses shown strong connection between the amount and quality of milk replacer intake and starter feed intake (P<0.001) before, under and after the weaning period. Between week 2 and 7 the calves in group C ate three times more starter than members of group A and B (129 g/day; 135 g/day; 464 g/day). This difference remained significant later on too. The data of group B differs significantly (P<0.05) only the 9th week of life from group A. The feeding systems also effect changes in BW (P<0.01) and ADG (P<0.001).

Keywords: CALVES, FEED INTAKE, MILK REPLACER QUALITY, FEED INTENSITY, DRY MATTER INTAKE

  1. Azevedo R. A., Marchado F. S., Campos M. M., Lopes D. R. G., Costa S. F., Mantovani H. C., Lopes F. C. F., Marcondes M. I., Pereira L. G. R., Tomich T. R., Coelho S. G. The effects of increasing amounts of milk replacer powder added to whole milk on passage rate, nutrient digestibility, ruminal development and body composition in dairy calves. Jornal of Dairy Science, 2016, vol. 99, issue 11, pp. 8746–8758. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2016-11410
  2. Khan M. A., Weary D. M., Keyserlingk von M. A. G. Invited review: Effect of milk ration on solid feed intake, weaning, and performance in dairy heifers. Journal of Dairy Science, 2010, vol. 94, issue 3, pp. 1071–1081. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2010-3733
  3. Klein R. D., Kincaid R. L., Hodgson A. S., Harrison J. H., Hillers J. K., Cronrath J. D. Dietary fiber and early weaning on growth and rumen development of calves. Journal of Dairy Science, 1987, vol. 70, issue 10, pp. 2095–2104. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(87)80259-X
  4. Moallem U., Werner D., Lehrer H., Zachut M., Livshitz L., Yakoby S., Shamay A. Long-term effects of ad libitum whole milk prior to weaning and prepubertal protein supplementation on skeletal growth rate and first-lactation milk production. Journal of Dairy Science, 2010, vol. 93, issue 6, pp. 2639–2650. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2009-3007
  5. Terré M., Devant M., Bach A. Effect of level of milk replacer fed to Holstein calves on performance during the preweaning period and starter digestibilit at weaning. Livestock Science, 2007, vol 110, issue 1–2, pp. 82–88. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2006.10.001
  6. Weary D. M., Huzzey J. M., Keyserlingk von M. A. G. Board-invited review: Using behavior to predict and identify ill health in animals. Journal of Animal Science, 2009, vol. 87, issue 2, pp. 770–777. https://doi.org/10.2527/jas.2008-1297
  7. Weary D. M., Jasper J., Hötzel M. J. Understanding weaning distress. Applied Animal Behavior Science, 2008, vol. 110, issue 1–2, pp. 24–41. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2007.03.025

Download full text in PDF

© 2016 Institute of Animal Biology

Search