Bìol. Tvarin, 2018, volume 20, issue 3, pp. 9–15


P. M. Gavrilin, I. I. Gibert

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Dnipropetrovsk State Agro-Economical University,
25 Akad. Serhey Efremov str., Dnipro 49600, Ukraine

The features of histoarchitectonics of functional zones and segments in the lymph nodes of mature meat rabbits have been established on the example of Hyplus cross rabbits. Somatic lymph nodes of rabbits are represented by dense, compact formations, completely isolated, while visceral — a plurality of aggregations of different sized nodes that form packets or clusters in adipose tissue, without creating conglomerates. Lymphoid parenchyma is characterized by a pronounced morphological polarity, with an increase in its volume and density in the direction of the mouth of the tiny lymphatic vessels, with the formation, respectively, of a dense cortical and rarefied cerebellum of the nodes.

Parenchyma nodes are divided into segregated cortical sinuses and trabeculae segments or compartments. It is determined that for the segments of the lymph nodes the polar structure is characteristic, their extended pole is formed from the deep cortex units and located around these units of the lymph nodes, the opposite, more narrowed edge of the segment, constructed from brains and lymphatic spaces between them (medullar sinuses).On the periphery of the deep crust units, the lymphatic nodules are round-oval in shape, and in the region of the cerebral cords — round-cylindrical. The sine system is sufficiently developed, organized as an "irrigation system" that connects each vessel with a clearly defined functional compartment, forming wide labyrinths that are better expressed in the visceral lymph nodes, in the brain sines, which is probably associated with a more significant antigenic load. In the lymph nodes of rabbits, the basis of each lymphoid lobe is the centers of deep crust units with reactive centers of proliferation of T-lymphocytes, their periphery is represented by the lymphocyte transit zone and lymph nodes the deep crust units border with the cerebral cords.


  1. Capece T., Kim M. The Role of Lymphatic Niches in T Cell Differentiation. Molecules and Cells, 2016, vol. 39, no. 7, pp. 515–523. https://doi.org/10.14348/molcells.2016.0089
  2. Furuta W. An experimental study of lymph node regeneration in rabbits. American Journal of Anatomy, 1947, vol. 80, issue 3, pp. 437–505. https://doi.org/10.1002/aja.1000800305
  3. Gavrilin P. N., Gibert I. I. The study of topography features and macro structure of the lymph nodes of rabbits for meat use (cross Hyplus). Science and Technology Bulletin, 2016, vol. 4, pp. 12–17. (in Ukrainian)
  4. Gavrilin P. N., Lieshchova M. A., Gavrilina O. G., Boldyreva T. F. Prenatal morphogenesis of compartments of the parenchyma of the lymph nodes of domestic cattle (Bos taurus). Regulatory Mechanisms in Biosystems, 2018, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 95–104. (in Ukrainian) https://doi.org/10.15421/021814
  5. Gavrilin P. N., Lieshchova M. A. The morphological aspects of zonal functional specialization of peripheral lymphoid organs parenchyma of the mature productive mammals in the prenatal ontogenesis. Visnyk of Zhytomyr National Agroecological University, 2008, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 15–22. (in Ukrainian)
  6. Gavrilin P. N., Lieshchova M. A., Tishkina N. N. Peculiarities of morphogenesis the functional segments of lymphatic nodes in the productive maturity mammals. Science and Technology Bulletin, 2012, vol. 1, pp. 23–26. (in Ukrainian)
  7. Gavrilin P. N. Modification of the silver impregnation method according to Fut histotopograms of hemopoietic organs made on a microtome cryostat. Journal of Morphology, 1999, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 106–108. (in Russian)
  8. Gavrilin P. N., Prokushenkova O. H., Masyuk D. N., Perepechaeva N. H. Peculiarities of structural and functional organization of Domestic Bull’s lymph nodes parenchyma (Bos primigenius taurus L.). National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, 2013, vol. 188, no. 1, pp. 92–101. (in Ukrainian)
  9. Gretz J. E., Anderson C. C., Shaw S. Cords, channels, corridors and conduits, critical architectural facilitating cell interactions in the lymph node cortex. Immunological Reviews, 1997, vol. 156, issue 1, pp. 11–24. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-065X.1997.tb00955.x
  10. Hellman T. Lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes and lymph nodes. Der microskopischen Anatomie des Menschen, Berlin, 1930, vol. 6, pp. 282–386.
  11. Houston S. A., Cerovic V., Thomson C., Brewer J., Mowat A. M., Milling S. The lymph nodes draining the small intestine and colon are anatomically separate and immunologically distinct. Mucosal Immunology, 2016, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 468–478. https://doi.org/10.1038/mi.2015.77
  12. Ikomi F., Kawai Y., Ohhashi T. Recent Advance in Lymph Dynamic Analysis in Lymphatics and Lymph Nodes. Annals of Vascular Diseases, 2012, vol. 5, issue 3, pp. 258–268. https://doi.org/10.3400/avd.ra.12.00046
  13. Iwasaki R., Mori T., Ito Y., Kawabe M., Murakmi M., Maruo K. Computed Tomographic Evaluation of Presumptively Normal Canine Sternal Lymph Nodes. Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association, 2016, vol. 52, issue 6, pp. 371–377. https://doi.org/10.5326/JAAHA-MS-6520
  14. Jia L., Xie Z., Zheng J., Liu L., He Y., Liu F., He Y. Morphological Studies of Lymphatic Labyrinths in the Rat Mesenteric Lymph Node. The Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology, 2012, vol. 295, issue 8, pp. 1291–1301. https://doi.org/10.1002/ar.22509
  15. Marasulov A. A. Morphology of organs and tissues of the immune system in rabbits in the age aspect. Avtoref. of dis. cand. biol. scie. Kyrgyz National Agrarian University, Bishkek, 2011, 26 p. (in Russian)
  16. Palm A. E., Friedrich H. C., Kleinau S. Nodal marginal zone B cells in mice: a novel subset with dormant self-reactivity. Scientific Reports, 2016, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep27687
  17. Prokushenkova E. G., Chaban P. V. Features of macro-microscopic structure of the parenchyma of the lymph nodes of sheep domestical. Science and Technology Bulletin, 2014, vol. 2, pp. 12–17. (in Ukrainian)
  18. Rouse R. V., Reichert, R. A., Gallatin W. M., Weissman I. L., Butcher E. C. Localization of lymphocyte subpopulations in peripheral lymphoid organs: Directed lymphocyte migration and segregation into specific microenvironments. American Journal of Anatomy, 1984, vol. 170, issue 3, pp. 391–405. https://doi.org/10.1002/aja.1001700313
  19. Sainte-Marie G. The Lymph Node Revisited: Development, Morphology, Functioning, and Role in Triggering Primary Immune Responses. The Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology, 2010, vol. 293, issue 2, pp. 320–337. https://doi.org/10.1002/ar.21051
  20. Sapin M. R., Jurina N. A., Etingen L. E. Lymph node. Moscow, Medicine 1978, 272 p. (in Russian)
  21. Tishkina N. M. Regularities of the structural and functional organization of parenchyma of lymph nodes in newborn piglets. Scientific Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 2005, vol. 33, pp. 260–266. (in Ukrainian)
  22. Vyrenkov Y. E., Shishlo V. K., Antropova J. G., Ryzhova A. V. Contemporary data on the structural and functional organization of the lymph node. Morphology, 1995, vol. 3, pp 34–40. (in Russian)
  23. Willard-Mack C. L. Normal Structure, Function, and Histology of Lymph Nodes. Toxicologic Pathology, 2006, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 409–424. https://doi.org/10.1080/01926230600867727

Download full text in PDF




WorldCat Logo