Bìol. Tvarin, 2016, Volume 18, Issue 2, pp. 133–143

http://dx.doi.org/10.15407/animbiol18.02.133

AFRICAN SWINE FEVER IN UKRAINEAND THE PROGNOSTICATON OF ITS EXPANSION

S. Khomenko1,A. Rozstalnyi2,V. Polishchuk3, O. Nevolko4, V. Drobchak5

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1Food and Agriculture Organization,
Vele delle Terme di Caracalla, Rome 00153, Italy, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

2Food and Agriculture Organization,
34 Benczur utca, Budapest, H-1068, Hungary, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

3National University of Life and Environmental Sciences,
15 Geroyiv oborony str.,
Kyiv 03041, Ukraine, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

4State ResearchInstituteof Laboratory Diagnostics andVeterinary Expertise,
30 Donetsky str., Kyiv 03151, Ukraine, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

5Technical University of Cotopaxi,
Av. Simón Rodríguez, Latacunga, 593, Ecuador,
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The article is concerned with the results of epizootological study of epizootic situation of African swine fever in Ukraine and in neighbouring European countries: Poland, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia. The role of the African swine fever virus circulating in Russia and Belarus for the expansion of ASF virus to the Baltic countries, Poland and Ukraine has been determined. Information about the experience of ASF eradication in the European Union Countries within the European strategy of the ASF control has been provided.

It is established that the absolute majority of ASF cases in the European Union at this stage of spreading the virus has been registered in wild boars. The spread of African swine fever in Ukraine during 2012–2015 has been studied. The recurrence of most outbreaks and the formation of local epizootic disease cycle are indicated. The current state and predicting the probability of ASF outbreaks in Ukraine, with the use of cartographic visualization data of ASF outbreaks in wild boar populations, on farms and in commercial enterprises of Ukraine have been determined. The trends and threats of spreading ASF according to probable scenarios have been analyzed. The consequences of several ways of ASF control in wild boar populations have been simulated. The horizontal transmission of the virus spreading mostly in summer and autumn, when the number of animals increases as a result of their breeding has been confirmed.

The possibility of ASF cases ratio on the population’s farms and on specialized farms raising pigs has been determined on the results of the retrospective analysis of ASF outbreaks in Ukraine. It has been paid special attention to preventing the spread of the ASF in the south of the country, where the main environment of ASF circulation and persistence will be an extensive pig-raising sector.

Keywords:AFRICAN SWINE FEVER, POPULATION OF WILD BOARS, DOMESTIC PIGS, ASF VIRUS CIRCULATION, ENZOOTIC ZONE, DEPOPULATION,THREAT OF FURTHER EXTENSION

1. Karysheva A. F. Special epizootology. Kyiv, Higher Education, 2002, 333 p. (in Ukrainian)

2.Pryskoka V. A., Horzyev V. M., Zagrebelny V. O. African swine fever: the evolution and expansion. Cherkasy, PE «Salon SOFT», 2012, 67 p. (in Ukrainian)

3.EFSA Panel on Animal Health and Welfare (AHAW): African swine fever, 14 July 2015. [Electronic resource]. EFSA Journal. SCIENTIFIC OPINION — Electronic data. [European agency funded by the European Union, 2002–2015]. pp. 1–101. Mode of access: World Wide Web: www.efsa.europa.eu/sites/default/files/scientific_output/files/main_documents/4163.pdf

4.The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE): African swine fever, [Electronic resource]. Electronic data. [The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), 2015]. Mode of access: World Wide Web: www.oie.int (viewed on December 26, 2015). Title from the screen.

5.African swine plague [electronic resource]: [Web site]. Electronic data. Food and Agriculture Organization, 2015. Available at: www.fao.org/about/ru/ (reference date 12/20/2015)

6.African swine fever [electronic resource]: [website]. Electronic data. Kyiv: NVTSVM «Veterinary space», 2015. Access: www.asf.vet.ua (date of appeal 12/25/2015)

7.The African pig plague [electronic resource]: [Web site]. Electronic data. Epidemic situation of ASF in the Russian Federation, 2007–2015. Available at: http://www.fsvps.ru/fsvps/asf (reference date 12/27/2015)

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