Bìol. Tvarin, 2016, Volume 18, Issue 2, pp. 105–112



L. G. Slivinska, I. A. Maksymovych

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Lviv National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies named after S. Z. Gzhytsky,
50 Pekarska str., Lviv 79010, Ukraine

The article presents the results of studies of blood biochemical parameters in clinically healthy sport horses 4–15 years of age which are used in the classical equestrian sports.

In the serum of horses the concentration of total protein, albumin, total bilirubin, glucose, urea, creatinine, total calcium, inorganic phosphorus, magnesium, sodium and potassium, the activity of aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase and gamma-glutamyltransferase was determined.

There was a significant difference in creatinine concentration (Ukrainian warmblood horses and English thoroughbred horse; Hanoverian and Westphalian and English thoroughbred breed horses; P<0.05), in the activity of AST (Ukrainian warmblood horses and English Thoroughbred horse breed; P<0.05) and alkaline phosphatase (Ukrainian warmblood horses and English thoroughbred; P<0.05), total calcium content (Ukrainian warmblood and Hanoverian and Westphalian horse breeds, the Hanoverian and Westphalian horse breeds and the English thoroughbred; P<0.001), the content of magnesium (Ukrainian warmblood horses and Hanoverian and Westphalian horse breeds, Ukrainian warmblood and English thoroughbred horse breed; P<0.01), the sodium content (Ukrainian warmblood horses and Hanoverian and Westphalian horse breeds; P<0.01) and potassium (Ukrainian warmblood horses and English thoroughbred horse breed; P<0.01).

The lack of training of the horses can lead to diseases, particularly of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. Training and testing of sport horses, complication of the competition conditions require research and development of objective tests to evaluate the readiness of animals to physical loads. The results of biochemical parameters of blood can serve to interpret the results of studies in the diagnosis of internal pathology in Ukrainian warmblood horses, Hanoverian and Westphalian and English thoroughbred breeds.


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