Bìol. Tvarin, 2015, volume 17, issue 1, pp. 140–148

THE CONTENT OF CERTAIN HEAVY METALS IN TISSUES AND PRODUCTSOF HONEY-BEES UNDER THE CONDITION OF THEIR FEEDING WITH NATIVE  SOY FLOUR ADDING CHLORIDE AND AQUANANO CHROME CITRATE

R. S. Fedoruk, L. I. Romaniv, I. I. Kovalchuk

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Institute of Animal Biology NAAS,
38 V. Stus str., Lviv 79034, Ukraine

The influence of feeding with native soy flour, adding chloride and aquanano chrome citrate, on the content of chrome, zink, cuprum, ferrum, cadmium, and plumbum in the tissues of a head, thorax, abdomen and the whole body of honey-bees, as well as in the honey, pollen, and honeycombs was studied. The study specified the probable intergroup differences according to the content of chrome, zink, cuprum, ferrum, cadmium, and plumbum (mg/kg body weight) in tissue samples of a head, thorax, abdomen and the whole body. In the tissues of the bee head in the control, second, and third experimental groups — according to zink content ― 12.73; 10.13 (р<0.01); 8.60 (р<0.001) and ferrum ― 49.01; 45.40 (р<0.05); 38.53 (р<0.001). In the tissues of the bee thorax in the second and third experimental groups the decrease of zink content is indicated ― 8.03 (р<0.01); 8.43 (р<0.01); 11.22 when compared with the control group at a time when ferrum content is increased ― 61.46 (р<0.01); 61.61 (р<0.01); 50.78. In the tissues of the abdomen in the second and third study groups if compared with the indications of the control group, the increase of ferrum content is determined ― 43.61 (р<0.02); 42.50 (р<0.02); 39.03. It is also indicated that there is an increase in the tissues of the whole bee body in the second experimental group when compared with the chrome control level ― 2.70 (р<0.05) 1.90 and ferrum in the second and third experimental groups ― 49.18 (р<0.001); 44.76 (р<0.001); 34.51. The content of cuprum, cadmium, and plumbum in the tissue samples of both experimental groups didn't significantly differ when compared with the control group. In the pollen samples in the third experimental group the increase of cuprum content is indicated (for 42.9 %, р<0.02) at a time when ferrum content is decreased (for 3.8 %, р<0.05) when compared with the control group indications. The cuprum content in the honeycombs in the third experimental group also increased for 83.2 % (р<0.02) when compared with the control group indications. Whereas the chrome content in the honeycombs in the second experimemtal group increased for 29.9 % (р<0.05) and there is a tendency to its higher level in the honey and pollen samples in both the second and the third groups.

Keywords: bees, heavy metals, soy, chrome chloride, aquanano chrome citrate

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