MYCOPLASMAL (ENZOOTIC) PNEUMONIA OF PIGS

O. Y. Ayshpur

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Institute of Veterinary Medicine of  NAAN, Donetska st., 30, Kiev, 03151, Ukraine

With losses from infectious respiratory pathology almost all pig farms have problems regardless of amount of pigs and technologies of their growing. Differences show up only in the scales of disease and level of departure of pigs (death and force slaughter of piglets in periods of growing and fattening).

Diseases of animals related to intensification of pork production widely widespread in the whole world and are principal reason of losses in a stock-raising. In the pig breeding the high level of production is arrived by the improvement of management methods. However, high level of the productivityconnected first and foremost with maximal decline of pigs morbidity.

Review the information in recent years in modern medical and veterinary mycoplasmology allows to conclude that the actual topic raised in veterinary science and practice.

As our previous clinical and pathological observations and research in three pig complexes, respiratory diseases accounted for 44.3 % of the dead animals. Among them, pulmonary mycoplasmosis diagnosed in 39.8 %. The rest were manifestations haemophillosis polyserosit, actinobacillus pleuropneumonia, pasteurellosis streptococcosis and, partially, salmonellosis. This data confirms by Avramenko N. A., which in bacteriological examinations of pigs with lesions of the respiratory tract culture mycoplasmas allocated in the 26.0 % of cases.

Mycoplasmas are the most unique group of small, pleomorphic, free-living, gram-negative microorganisms. They are widely distributed in nature. Microorganisms of the Mycoplasmataceae family can also be attributed to the agents that are quite often found in association with other microorganisms in various pathological processes in humans and animals. The results of diagnostic monitoring enzootic pneumonia in pig farms in Ukraine with different technology and power prove a significant spread of the disease and the need for its study.

Keywords: MYCOPLASMAS (ENZOOTIC) PNEUMONIA, PIGS, CLINICAL EPIZOOTIC EXAMINATIONS, SEROLOGICAL MONITORING

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