PHYSIOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF BLOOD AND SEMEN QUALITY OF RABBITS, WATERING SULFUR AND CHROMIUM COMPOUNDS

Ya. V. Lesyk, R. S. Fedoryk, S. J. Kropyvka, O.P. Dolaychyk

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Institute of Animal Biology NAAS, V. Stus st., 38, Lviv, 79034, Ukraine

We investigated the effect of watering sulfate, sodium chloride and citrate Chrome on physiological and biochemical parameters of blood and semen quality of rabbits-sires. We determined the morphological and biochemical characteristics of blood cells, the contents of individual monosaccharides of glycoprotein’s and their carbohydrate components of lipid peroxidation and activity of antioxidant defense enzymes and qualitative characteristics of semen of rabbits. Research conducted on males sire rabbits divided into three groups. Control group received a balanced granular feed and water without restriction. Research and in addition to the standard diet consumed sodium sulfate at the rate of 400 mg/kg body, 0.05g S/kg body weight and chromium as CrCl3 x 6H2O, in the amount of 7 μg per kg body weight. The Study II additionally received sodium sulfate at the rate of 400 mg/kg body weight and Chromium citrate in an amount of 23 μg Cr per kg of body weight produced using nanotechnology. Research has found that watering in the diet of rabbits, bulls additions of sodium sulfate, chloride and citrate Chrome for 73 days significantly affected higher number of white blood cells and red blood cells and hemoglobin concentration in the blood of animals of experimental groups. Watering males rabbits mineral and organic chromium compounds increased the immunological reactivity of their body with an increase in blood levels of hexoses bound to proteins serohlykoids, haptoglobin, fucose, sialic acid and ceruloplasmin, but more pronounced biological effects of significant difference found for the experimental group and animals which received chromium chloride. The use of Sulfur and Chromium compounds contributed plausible reduction in their blood content of lipid peroxidation products and increased activity of antioxidant defense enzymes compared with control. Watering rabbits within 73 days of sodium sulfate and Chromium compounds reflected a positive effect on semen quality of rabbits, bulls research groups to improve its mobility by 3.0 and 5.0 % compared with the control group.

Keywords: RABBITS, CHROMIUM, SULFUR, GLYCOPROTEIN, LIPID PEROXIDATION PRODUCTS, SEMEN QUALITY

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