Bìol. Tvarin, 2015, volume 17, issue 3, pp. 79–85

EFFECT OF NATIVE AND VITAMINCONTAINING LIPOSOMES ON THE FORMATION OF MATERNAL IMMUNITY OF NEWBORN CALVES

M. O. Maryniuk

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National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine,
Heroyiv Oborony str., 15, Kyiv, 03041, Ukraine

Due to structural features of cows’ placenta, calves are born vulnerable to potentially pathogenic factors. The research presented in this paper was aimed to investigate the level of maternal immunity in the organism of newborns calves using colostrum with its native liposomes and liposomes with vitamins A and E (preparation ‘Membranostabil’). Blood serum of newborn calves was used as the material for the study in which total protein and immunoglobulins were tested in the dynamics from birth of animal to 11-day of age.

It was established that use of colostrum with native lecithin liposomes and liposomes containing vitamins A and E 1 time per day increased the level of immunoglobulin in 1.6–2.6 times in the blood serum and prevented indigestion in the newborn calves.

The research results indicated membrane-stabilizing effect of native and rich in vitamins A and E liposomes for plasmolemma of enterocytes of the small intestine in newborn calves.

We suggest that the effect of these preparations is determined by liposomal phospholipids and the ability of vitamins contained in liposomes to maintain a stable structure and viscosity of the plasmic membrane of enterocytes and enhance significantly the activity of proteins of membrane receptors to colostral immunoglobulins.

Keywords: COLOSTRUM, IMMUNOGLOBULIN, MATERNAL IMMUNITY, CALVES, LIPOSOMES, ENTEROCYTES, SMALL INTESTINE

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