Bìol. Tvarin, 2017, volume 19, issue 3, pp. 69–76


М. Pelekhaty, L. Piddubna, A. Kochuk-Yashchenko, D. Kucher

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Zhytomyr national agroecological university,
7 Old Bulvar str., Zhytomyr 10008, Ukraine

The paper deals with the results of comparative analysis of using first-calf cows of Holstein, Ukrainian Black-and-White and Red-and-White dairy breeds of private agricultural company “Yerchyky” in Popilnyansky district, Zhytomyr region. The results of our research work indicate that Holstein cows of this farm, which were obtained by reproductive crossing, surpassed those of the same age cows of Ukrainian Black-and-White and Red-and-White dairy breeds in milk productivity, especially in quantitative traits. This proves the effectiveness and expediency of further holsteinisation of dairy cattle if will be provided good growing of remount heifers, scientific and reasonable feeding of dairy herd. It has been established that increasing the share of heredity of Holstein breed, until getting high blood and purebred Holstein (over 93.7 %) practically does not make worst the reproductive capacity of animals, because all first-calf cows are characterized by almost the same reproductive capacity index.

The proportion of breed belonging in the total variability of traits varied within 0.34–12.6 %, but rates of milk production due to waste belonging average of 7 %, the parameters of reproductive capacity — 0.8 % according to conducted analysis of variance. Breeding makes the reliable effects on variability of such traits of milk productivity as milk yield at 305 days of lactation, the amount of milk fat and milk protein, relative milk production, milk fat and protein. Significant impact of breed belonging on reproductive capacity was not observed and in all times it was unreliable. The paper proves that from the economic point of view the animals breedings of Holstein is the most effective for milk yielding under the conditions of Yerchyky, which have twice bigger level of profitability than cows of Ukrainian dairy breeds.


  1. Abdallah J. M., McDaniel B. T. Genetic parameters and trends of milk, fat, days open, and body weight after calving in North Carolina experimental herds. J. Dairy Sci., 2000, vol. 83. pp. 1364–1370. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(00)75004-1
  2. Focus on fertility: every dose counts at Semex. Semex — genetics for life, 2010, April Balance. Available at: http://www.semex.com/downloads/di/us/USA2010AprilBalanceLR.pdf.
  3. Gladiy M. V., Polupan Yu. P., Bazyshyna I. V., Bezrutchenko I. M., Polupan N. L. The influence of genetic and paratype factors on economically useful signs of cows. Animal of Breeding and Genetics, 2014, no. 48, pp. 48–61. (in Ukrainian)
  4. Hmelnychyy L. M. The problem of effective longevity and lifetime productivity of dairy cows in terms of their dependence on genetic factors and paratype factors. Bulletin of Sumy National Agrarian University. The “Animal”series, 2016, vol. 7, no. 30, pp. 13–31. (in Ukrainian)
  5. Ilyashenko G. D. Influence of genetic and paratype factors on milk production of cows of Ukrainian Red-and-Black and-White dairy breeds. Bulletin of steppe, 2009, vol. 6, pp. 129–136. (in Ukrainian)
  6. Kostenko V. I., Siratsky J. Z., Shevchenko M. I., Ruban Yu. D. , Admin E. I. Animal Husbandry and Technology of milk and beef. Kyiv, Vintage, 1995, 472 p. (in Ukrainian)
  7. Kucher D. M. Effectiveness selection purebred Holstein bull-sires to cows Ukrainian black and white dairy. Collection of Science papers of Vinnitsa agrarian University, 2013, vol. 3, no. 73, pp. 88–94. (in Ukrainian)
  1. Lucy M. L. Reproductive loss in high-producing dairy cattle: Where will it all end? J. Dairy Sci., 2001, vol. 84, pp. 1277–1293. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(01)70158-0
  2. Pelehatyy M. M., Kochuk-Yashchenko O. A. The impact of genotype firstborn cows of Ukrainian black-and-white dairy cattle on their exterior type, milk production and reproductive ability. Science Bulletin of Lviv national university of vet. Medicine named after S. Z. Gzhytsky, 2014, vol. 16, part 3, no. 3, pp. 143–158. (in Ukrainian)
  3. Piddubna L. M. Holsteinisaton of regional populations of black and white dairy cattle and prospects of future improvement. The Animal Biology, 2014, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 121–132. (in Ukrainian)
  4. Plohynsky N. A. Guide of Biometrics for livestock. Moscow, Kolos, 1969, 256 p. (in Russian)
  5. Prokhorenko P. N. Methods of increasing the genetic potential of productivity and its implementation in dairy cattle breeding. Bulletin of Orlov State Agrarian University, 2008, vol. 2, no. 11, pp. 11–13. (in Russian)
  6. Ever-Green-View My Gold-ET Sets National Milk Production Record. Holstein Association USA — Press release, 2017, February. Available at: http://holstein.com/news/press_release2017.html#pr2017_02.

Download full text in PDF format

© 2016 Institute of Animal Biology