AGEDYNAMICS OF GROWTHAND INTERIORFEATURES OF HEIFERS UKRAINIAN BLACK-AND-WHITE DAIRY BREED

M.I. Kuziv

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Institute of Animal Biology NAAS; V. Stusa Str., 38, Lviv, 79034, Ukraine

Studies in Sokal department «Milk River» Lviv region heifers Ukrainian black and white dairy cattle.

The studied animals characterized by high rates of live weight at all ages and at 18 months of age it was 414.1 kg. Absolute and average daily live weight of heifers were greatest in the age period of 3–6 months were 73.2 kg and 800.2 g, respectively. At all ages heifers were characterized by large linear dimensions of the body, deep and broad chest, well-developed rear of the body. With age heifers decreased leggy index and increased thoracic index. Stretch index increased to 15 months of age, and pelvis-chest index and bony index changing waves. General indices of body structure indicate the proportional and harmonious development of heifers at all ages.

With age heifers content of total protein in serum increased, and glucose and reserve alkalinity decreased and from 3–18 months of age, these figures changed to 14.71 g/L (P<0.001), 0.75 mmol/l (P<0.01) and 3.72 vol % (P<0.001), respectively. The number of red blood cells, white blood cells and hemoglobin in the age aspect had wavy character. With age, heifers, an increase in bactericidal and lysozyme activity of serum and phagocytic activity of neutrophils. The 18-month-old animals compared to 3-month, these figures were higher at 10.82; 6.21 and 7.07 %, respectively, at P<0.001 in all cases. Overall natural resistance in heifers Ukrainian black and white dairy cattle according to age period ranged 5460 points, which is considered a normal level.

Keywords: BREED, HEIFERS, GROWTH, LIVE WEIGHT, MORPHOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF BLOOD, NATURAL RESISTANCE

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