ACTIVITY DIGESTIVE ENZYMES CHYME IN OSTRICHES FOR INFLUENCE HUMILID

S. G. Koliada

suzainka@gmail.com

Dnepropetrovsk State Agrarian Economics University

Bogdana Hmelnitskogo str., 13/3, Dnepropetrovsk, 49051, Ukraine

The paper presents data on the distribution and characteristics change activity of digestive enzymes: amylase, proteases, lipases and cellulases in different locations chyme alimentary canal ostrich in early ontogeny, from 3 to 60 days, the so-called «critical» period. It was established that the highest amylolytic, proteolytic, lipolytic activity in the control group of animals registered in the duodenum and gradually reduced in caudal direction. The activity of the studied enzymes increases with age, ensuring efficient use of feed nutrients. Under the influence of biologically active food additive increases the level of digestive enzymes during the experiment, and the 30-day age is recorded at the same level with the level of enzymes in daily 60 animals in the control group, indicating a reduction of the formation of the gastrointestinal tract under the influence «Humilid». The presence of «Humilid» as part of the diet increases the ownership interest of the large intestine (caecum) during digestion. Registered studied sufficiently high activity of digestive enzymes including cellulases in the cecum, which actually important in the digestion of plant foods. The high level of activity of digestive enzymes in ostrich can be considered an adaptive physiological mechanism, the operation of which is aimed at better splitting feed components, which are intensively used by the body that develops. Biologically active humic feed additive nature «Humilid» has a corrective effect on digestion and keeping it in the diet of ostrich makes it possible to increase the share of plant component and thereby reduce the cost of production.

Keywords:OSTRICHES, DIGESTION, DIGESTIVE SYSTEM, GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, ENZYMES, ACTIVITY, CELLULASE, HUMILID, BIOLOGICALLY ACTIVE FOOD ADDITIVE

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