Bìol. Tvarin, 2018, volume 20, issue 4, pp. 44–54

DISTRIBUTION OF GENETICALLY MODIFIED PLANTS AND SAFETY OF THEIR USE IN THE FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRY

N. M. Omelchenko1, H. V. Dronyk2

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1National Technical University “Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute”, Chernivtsi Faculty,
203а Holovna str., Chernivtsi 58018, Ukraine

2Bukovina State Agricultural Research Station NAAS,
21a Bohdana Kryzhanivskoho str., Chernivtsi 58026, Ukraine

This review analyzes the distribution of biotech crops in the world over the past 22 years. It is shown that there is a steady tendency to increase the areas on which genetically modified varieties of plants are grown. The leading producers of biotech crops are USA farmers. The area occupied by genetically modified plants in developing countries is also increasing. Among transgenic crops, soybean, cotton, maize and canola occupy a prominent place. In many countries, the use of registered genetically modified plant lines is allowed only for the production of feed mixtures and biofuel. However, the analysis of data from laboratories for the assessment of product quality suggests that the number of specimens containing transgenic components in Ukraine increases annually. It is the uncontrolled cultivation of biotech crops that can be a source of their entry into the food industry.

In the presented material, a review of the world scientists research work on the safety of animal consumption of transgenic plants. Despite the prolonged use of genetically modified plants, their influence on the organism of animals and humans is ambiguous and insufficiently studied. There is insufficient data on the safety of transgenic crops for the animal organism in the dynamics of generations. Periodically, independent authors report on various physiological and genetic disorders that are detected on experimental animals. However, they are ambiguous and rigorously criticized by supporters of the proliferation of biotechnological plants. Accordingly, there is a need for multilateral, long-term studies generations of laboratory animals to speak with certainty about the long-term effects on living organisms by genetically modified plants and their processing products.

Keywords: GENETICALLY MODIFIED PLANTS, BIOTECHNOLOGICAL CULTURES, INFLUENCE, SAFETY, LABORATORY ANIMALS

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