Bìol. Tvarin, 2018, volume 20, issue 1, pp. 40–48

SAFETY ASSESSMENT OF ROUNDUP READY SOYBEAN

G. V. Dronyk1, I. V. Chorna1, M. S. Rogozynskyi2
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1Bukovyna State Agricultural Experimental Station NAAS,
21 Bohdan Kryzhanivsky str., Chernivtsi 58026, Ukraine, tel./fax: (+38 0372) 52-92-20

2Chernivtsi faculty of the National Technical University “Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute”,
203A Holovna str., Chernivtsi 58018, Ukraine, tel.: (+38 03722) 4-56-39

This article summarises data about glyphosate-tolerant (“Roundup ready”) genetically modified soybean influence on animals’ organism. The influence of herbicide glyphosate on the organism of plants and animals, which is widely used herbicide in agriculture in the most countries of the world, is considered. Each year, the use of “Roundup” herbicide increases, as weeds become resistant to glyphosate, therefore data that confirms the ability to accumulate herbicide in the seed is provided. In last years, traditional and transgenic soy has been widely used, both in agriculture and in the food’s industry. Soybeans produce sauces; they are added to sausages and pastries, so the question of its effects on the human health and animals remains open. The article also covers modern scientific researches of the influence of artificially introduced soy genes on the organism of animals and the effects of the influence of glyphosate on living organisms (microorganisms, fish and mammals).
The latest scientific research of Ukrainian’s and foreign scientists who discovered that the “Roundup” herbicide can accumulate in soybean, it leads to anatomical pathologies, causes changes in urine and biochemical parameters of blood, leads to morphological and functional changes in the liver and kidneys, also leads to disturbance of cellular oxidation. In literary sources there is a message that the “Roundup” herbicide causes liver’s necrosis in fish; in mammals, this herbicide blocks the activity of some enzymes; in cattle causes the death of useful microorganisms and the proliferation of harmful bacteria is observed. There is no answer to the influence of genetically modified “Roundup ready” soybeans and “Roundup” herbicides further research is needed on the effects of transgenic soybeans and herbicides on living organisms.

Keywords: GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISMS, SOYBEAN, HERBICIDES, PLASMIDES, GLIFOSAT, PLANTS, ANIMALS

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