Bìol. Tvarin, 2017, volume 19, issue 4, pp. 36–42             

http://doi.org/10.15407/animbiol19.04.036

METABOLIC SYNDROME OF HORSES DURING PHYSICAL ACTIVITY  (DIAGNOSTICS CRITERIA)

А. Maksymovych, L.G. Slivinskа

maksymovych@This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Lviv National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies named after S. Z. Gzhytsky,
50 Pekarska str., Lviv 79010, Ukraine

The article shows the results of the study of biochemical blood indices in sports horses. It is shown that in horses after exercise the metabolic syndrome is developing which is a result of insufficient supply of organs and tissues of energy accompanied by development of dehydration, cytolysis syndrome, uremic syndrome, electrolyte imbalance.

Evaluation of cardiac output in horses must be performed during and after physical exertion, when latent disease manifests itself clinically. It is important to know the ways of flowing the course of metabolic processes that occur in the body of horses during physical activity of varying intensity. The most common reason for excluding horses from sports events is metabolic disorders and cardiovascular dysfunction.

The aim of the work was to investigate changes in biochemical blood parameters in sports horses after physical exertion. The material for research was horses, which are used in classical equestrian sports. In all horses the general analysis and biochemical parameters of blood, characterizing the functional state of the organs (heart, liver, kidneys) were investigated.

In horses for physical overstrain the most frequently the increased fatigue, dyspnea, tachycardia, and less frequently arrhythmias are registered. In sport horses after exercise dehydration (hyperproteinemia), uremic syndrome (increasing the concentration of urea and creatinine), cytolysis syndrome (activity increase of AST and ALT), electrolyte imbalance (decrease in serum sodium and potassium) develop. Installed tests can serve for early diagnosis of metabolic syndrome in horses for exercise.

Keywords: HORSES, METABOLIC SYNDROME, MYOCARDIAL DYSTROPHY, HEPATIC AND RENAL TESTS, ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

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