Bìol. Tvarin, 2016, Volume 18, Issue 2, pp. 105–112

http://dx.doi.org/10.15407/animbiol18.02.105

BIOCHEMICAL PROFILE OF SPORT HORSES BLOOD

L. G. Slivinska, I. A. Maksymovych

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Lviv National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies named after S. Z. Gzhytsky,
50 Pekarska str., Lviv 79010, Ukraine

The article presents the results of studies of blood biochemical parameters in clinically healthy sport horses 4–15 years of age which are used in the classical equestrian sports.

In the serum of horses the concentration of total protein, albumin, total bilirubin, glucose, urea, creatinine, total calcium, inorganic phosphorus, magnesium, sodium and potassium, the activity of aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase and gamma-glutamyltransferase was determined.

There was a significant difference in creatinine concentration (Ukrainian warmblood horses and English thoroughbred horse; Hanoverian and Westphalian and English thoroughbred breed horses; P<0.05), in the activity of AST (Ukrainian warmblood horses and English Thoroughbred horse breed; P<0.05) and alkaline phosphatase (Ukrainian warmblood horses and English thoroughbred; P<0.05), total calcium content (Ukrainian warmblood and Hanoverian and Westphalian horse breeds, the Hanoverian and Westphalian horse breeds and the English thoroughbred; P<0.001), the content of magnesium (Ukrainian warmblood horses and Hanoverian and Westphalian horse breeds, Ukrainian warmblood and English thoroughbred horse breed; P<0.01), the sodium content (Ukrainian warmblood horses and Hanoverian and Westphalian horse breeds; P<0.01) and potassium (Ukrainian warmblood horses and English thoroughbred horse breed; P<0.01).

The lack of training of the horses can lead to diseases, particularly of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. Training and testing of sport horses, complication of the competition conditions require research and development of objective tests to evaluate the readiness of animals to physical loads. The results of biochemical parameters of blood can serve to interpret the results of studies in the diagnosis of internal pathology in Ukrainian warmblood horses, Hanoverian and Westphalian and English thoroughbred breeds.

Keywords: SPORT HORSES, BLOOD, BIOCHEMICAL PROFILE, EXERCISE

1. Shulga I., Kirichenko V. Status of equestrian sport development in Ukraine as a result of participation in the main competition in 2013. First Ukrainian equestrian magazine, 2015, vol. 25, no. 31, pp. 9–15. (in Russian)

2. Boffi F. M., Cittar J., Balskus G., Muriel M., Desmaras E. Training-induced apoptosis in skeletal muscle. Equine Veterinary Journal, 2002, 34, pp. 275–278. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2042-3306.2002.tb05432.x

3. Dwyer R. M., Thompson L. S. The practical diagnosis and treatment of metabolic conditions in endurance horses. Electronic resource, 1985, vol. 47, N 3. Access to resources: http://lib.dr.iastate.edu/iowastate_veterinarian

4. Vlizlo V. V., Slivinska L. G., Maksymovych I. A., Leno M. I., Galias V. L. Laboratory diagnostics in veterinary medicine: Reference. Lviv, Afisha, 2014, 152 p. (in Ukrainian)

5. Gurgoze S. Y., Icen H. The influence of age on clinical biochemical parameters in pure-bred Arabian mares. J. Equine Vet. Sci, 2010, 30, 10, pp. 569–574. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jevs.2010.09.006

6. Piddubnyak O. V., Golovakha V. I., Bovkotrub N. V., Garkaviy V. A., Pryagnikov U. N. The change of biochemical spectrum in horses blood during latent period of nephroanemical syndrome. Scientific Journal of Veterinary Medicine: scientific research journal, Bila Tserkva, 2009, 2, 68, pp. 52–56. (in Ukrainian)

7. Čebuli-Kaudune N., Božic M., Kosec M., Cestnik V. The influence of age and gender on haematological parameters in Lipizzan horses. Journal of veterinary medicine, 2002, 49, pp. 217–221.

8. Lacerda L., Campos R., Sperb M., Soares E., Barbosa P., Godinho E., Ferreira R., Santos V., González F. D. Hematologic and biochemical parameters in three high performance horse breeds from Southern Brazil. Archives of Veterinary Science, 2006, 11, 2, pp. 40–44.

9. Gul S. T., Ahmad M., Khan A., Hussain I. Haemato-biochemical observations in apparently healthy equine species. Pakistan Vet. J., 2007, 27, pp. 155–158.

10. Golovakha V. I. Bodyako A. I. Macroelement status of mares of Ukrainian riding breed. Scientific Journal LNUVMB named after S. Z. Gzhytsky, Lviv, 2015, v. 17, p. 2, no. 62, pp. 23–28. (in Ukrainian)

11. Andriichuk A. V., Tkachenko H. M., Kurhaluk N. M., Tkachova I. V., Vartovnyk M. S. Blood biochemical parameters in horses involved in eventing under the influence of exercise. The Animal Biology, 2014, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 9–20. (in Ukrainian)

12. Kamyshnikov V. S. Handbook of clinical and biochemical studies, and laboratory diagnosis. Moscow, MEDpress-Inform, 2004, 920 p. (in Russian)

13. Golovakha V. I. Informational blood biochemical parameters for the diagnosis of liver disease in Thoroughbred horse breed konematok. Veterinary Medicine: Interdepartmental thematic scientific collection. 2002, 80, pp. 177–180. (in Ukrainian)

14. Vincze A., Szabó S., Hevesi Á., Veres S., Ütő D., Babinszky L. Effect of age and event on post exercise values of blood biochemical parameters in show jumping horses. Acta Agraria Kaposváriensis, 2010, 14, 2, pp. 185–191.

15. Lindner A. Use of blood biochemistry for positive performance diagnosis of sport horses in practice. Revue Méd. Vét, 2000, 151, 7, pp. 611–618.

16. Maksymovych I., Slivinska L., Winiarczyk S., Buczek K., Staniec M. Hematological and serum biochemical reference values in healthy working horses Hutsul breed. Science and Education a New Dimension Natural and Technical Sciences, 2015, v. 5, no. 41, pp. 47–50.

17. Fazio F., Assenza A., Tosto F., Casella S., Piccione G., Caola G. Training and haematochemical profile in Thoroughbreds and Standardbreds: A longitudinal study. Livestock Science, 2011, vol. 141, pp. 221–226. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2011.06.005

18. Southwood L. L. Practical Guide to Equine Colic. Portland, Wiley-Blackwell Inc. Published, 2013, 356 p. (First Edition).

19. Soares O. A. B., D’Angelis F. H. F., Júnior W. H. F., Nardi K. B., Trigo P., Almeida F. Q., Miranda A. C. T., Queirozneto A., Ferraz G. C. Serum activity of creatine kinase and aminotransferase aspartate enzymes of horses submitted to muscle biopsy and incremental jump test. Rev. bras. saúde prod. anim., 2013, v. 14, no. 2, pp. 299–307.

Download full text in PDF format

© 2016 Institute of Animal Biology

Search