Bìol. Tvarin, 2016, vol.  18, no. 1, pp. 111–116

NATURAL RESISTANCE OF THE UKRAINIAN GRЕY COWS

Yu. Reznikova, Yu. Polupan, P. Dzhus

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics named after M. V. Zubets of NAAS,
1 Pogrebnyak street, Chubynske village, Boryspil district, Kyiv region, 08321, Ukraine

The nonspecific resistance analysis of the Ukrainian Grey cows at “Polyvanivka” breeding farm located in Magdalynivka district, Dnipropetrovsk region has been shown. The researches were conducted in winter-stall period on the animals (n=19) of two age groups — up to and over 5 years. Phagocytic activity of neutrophils, phagocytic number and index were determined in blood of the experimental cows, lisozymic and bactericidal activities — in serum. 50 % selection modelling was carried out due to phenotypic manifestation of traits of nonspecific resistance. The degree of correlation was determined between natural resistance and breeding traits.

It has been established that the investigated Ukrainian Grey cows had almost the equal level of natural resistance with a tendency to the slight increasing in the older animals. Cows of both groups had significant degree of individual variability by bactericidal activity. Reliable advantage (P<0.05) of the cows with higher phagocytic activity by 210 days live weight, daily gain from birth to weaning has been established by 50 % selection modelling. Modelling the similar groups of animals by functional activity of humoral nonspecific resistance has shown that animals with better lisozymic and bactericidal activity significantly (P<0.05) dominated cows with worse phagocytic activity and phagocytic number. There was small advantage by body weight and average daily gain (except at age of 15–18 months) but the difference was unreliable.

Correlation analysis has revealed reliable inverse relationship of humoral nonspecific factors with first calving age. Close relationship of cellular and humoral factors of nonspecific resistance has been confirmed.

Keywords: COWS, UKRAINIAN GREY BREED, NATURAL RESISTANCE, LIVE WEIGHT, DAILY GAIN

1. Global Plan of Action for Animal Genetic Resources and the Interlaken Declaration on Animal Genetic Resources. Rome, 2007, 37 p.
2. The Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization to the Convention on Biological Diversity. Montreal, 2011, 25 p.
3. Kirchberger K., Reinprecht V., Ivankovic A., Ramljak J., Ligda Ch., Beri B., Bodo I., Gera I., Cyurman A., Maroti-Agots A., Radacsi A., Takacs E., Ciani F., Filippini F., Gaddini A., Manzone M., Matassino D., Bacila V., Vidu L., Bradvarovic J., Hollo D., Stojanovic S., Truzsinszki Sz., Soysal M. I., Chirkova O. P., Glazko T., Glazko V., Godovanets L. V., Guziev I. V., Podoba B. Ye. Characterization of the indigenous and improved Podolic cattle breeds and identification of threats for extinction in global challenges. Budapest, Debrecen University, 2011. 315 p.
4. Gandini G., Avon L., Bohte-Wilhelmus D., Bay E., Colinet F. G., Choroszy Z., Díaz C., Duclos D., Fernández J., Gengler N., Hoving-Bolink R., Kearney F., Lilja T., Mäki-Tanila A., Martín-Collado D., Mauricevan Eijndhoven M., Musella M., Pizzi F., Soini K., Toro M., Turri F., Viinalasthe H., Hiemstra S. J. Motives and values in farming local cattle breeds in Europe: a survey on 15 breeds. Animal Genetic Resources, 2010, vol. 47, pp. 47–58. https://doi.org/10.1017/S2078633610000901
5. Brüniche-Olsen A., Gravlund P., Lorenzen E. D. Impacts of genetic drift and restricted gene flow in indigenous cattle breeds: evidence from the Jutland breed. Animal Genetic Resources, 2012, vol. 50, pp. 75–85. https://doi.org/10.1017/S2078633611000373
6. Sorg D., Fandrey E., Frölich K., Meyer H. H. D., Kliem H. Mammary immunity of White Park and Highland cattle compared with Brown Swiss and Red Holstein. Animal Genetic Resources, 2013, vol. 52, pp. 91–104. https://doi.org/10.1017/S2078633612000781
7. Oldenbroek K. (ed.). Utilization and conservation of farm animal genetic resources. The Netherlands, Wageningen Academic Publ., 2007, 232 p. https://doi.org/10.3920/978-90-8686-592-5
8. Maslyanko R. P., Oleksyuk I. I., Padovskyy A. I. Guidelines for the evaluation and monitoring of the immune status of animals: determining factors of nonspecific resistance mechanisms of cellular and humoral immunity against infectious diseases. Lviv, 2001, 87 p. (in Ukrainian)
9. Dorofeychuk V. G. Definition of lysozymic activity of serum by nephelometer method. Laboratory work, 1968, no. 1, pp. 28–31. (in Russian)
10. Plohinskyy N. A. Guidelines on biometrics for livestock specialists. Moscow, 1969, 256 p. (in Russian)
11. Borovikov V. Statistics: Art of computer data analysis: for professionals. St. Petersburg, 2001, 656 p. (in Russian)
12. Fedorovych V. V. Natural cow resistance of dual-purpose breeds in the western region of Ukraine. Animal Breeding and Genetics, 2014, vol. 48, pp. 136–143. (in Ukrainian)

Download full text in PDF format

© 2016 Institute of Animal Biology

Search